Analysis on the current situation of export food a

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Analysis on the current situation of packaging of exported food and agricultural products

countries in the world, especially developed countries, attach great importance to food and other products related to national health. It not only puts forward strict hygienic requirements for the quality of food itself, but also sets high standards for its packaging, and constantly promulgates a series of laws and regulations to effectively regulate food, especially for the inspection and Quarantine of imported food and agricultural products. In addition to complying with international standards, countries also put forward technical barriers to trade to safeguard their own interests. China is a major producer of food and agricultural products. In addition to meeting domestic needs, a large number of food and agricultural products also need to be exported. In the export of food and agricultural products, packaging is an important aspect. What is the current situation of China's export food and agricultural products packaging? Why can't some experimental machines measure accurate data when they are used? What are the requirements for export packaging in foreign countries? What is the future development direction of export food and agricultural products packaging? For this purpose, I paid a special visit to Li Jianhua, director of the China Export Commodity Packaging Research Institute, and Wang Yuande, manager of the science and Technology Department of the Institute. They suggested that --

export food and agricultural products should pay attention to packaging

director Li Jianhua said that agricultural products account for a large proportion of the national economy and are the lifeblood of the national economy. Food is related to people's health and the sustainable and stable development of economy, and the quality of food packaging also attracts people's attention. At present, international restrictive measures and technical barriers to food and drug packaging often appear, constantly adjusting and changing; 2. The standard 220V power supply and power supply system have high requirements for technical inspection and health quarantine of imported and exported food and agricultural products themselves and their packaging; Coupled with the continuous emergence of health problems of food and agricultural products, many developed countries have introduced many laws and regulations to implement a quite strict access system for food and agricultural products and their packaging, which shows the international attention to food and agricultural products

at present, China Export Commodity Packaging Research Institute is focusing on two things: first, it will launch the packaging technical guide part of the technical guide for export commodities in about a year from the end of this year, in accordance with the requirements of the Ministry of Commerce, mainly to enable Chinese enterprises to understand the foreign restrictions and requirements on bulk commodity packaging, and put forward effective countermeasures; The packaging technology part of the technical guide mainly introduces the restrictions and requirements of the European Union and its Member States, North America and major countries in the Asia Pacific region on the packaging of export commodities, which are constantly updated and supplemented with changes. The second is to cooperate with relevant domestic departments to promote the improvement and improvement of domestic export food and agricultural product packaging from the perspective of China's food and agricultural product packaging development strategy, so as to meet the requirements of importing countries for food and agricultural product packaging, and comply with the packaging technical regulations of importing countries

it is reported that developed countries have quite high requirements for the analysis of chemical composition and the selection of material types of packaging materials for food and agricultural products. It is not simply to achieve impact resistance, non-toxic, light proof, non dispersing color, and anti leakage, which will not have a chemical impact on the food itself, but to see its role in fresh preservation, quality assurance, extending food transportation and shelf life, and whether it has clear signs and tips, So as to bring convenience to consumers

according to Director Li, although there are ISO international standards for packaging, developed countries have different requirements for the technical indicators of packaging materials, and from the principle of safeguarding their national interests, they impose stricter requirements and provisions on the packaging of imported goods in regulations and legal documents

According to Mr. Wang Yuande, as early as the 1950s, FDA in the United States paid equal attention to the packaging and content detection of food and agricultural products. Recently, the United States has stipulated that its imported food and agricultural products must be approved by FDA before they can be allowed to enter the U.S. market. Import packaging technology and equipment from developed countries to process and package food and agricultural products, and their products can easily enter developed countries; However, it is quite difficult to use our own packaging machinery and equipment for packaging and export, and it is also difficult to export food produced by domestic food processing machinery and equipment. The production line of food and agricultural products introduced by China's advanced food enterprises generally carries out deep processing of food and agricultural products in the first half and aseptic packaging in the second half. Domestic aseptic packaging technology is difficult to meet the requirements of export

fresh fruits, vegetables, meat and flowers are the bulk products of China's export products, especially to Southeast Asia. However, the packaging and product preservation technology are not good, and the packaging is very rough. These export products basically have not undergone primary processing. Their export transportation packaging mostly uses traditional cartons, and there is no widespread use of high-density polyethylene transportation boxes and turnover boxes with good permeability, which not only leads to incomplete loading during transportation, but also fails to reach the rated load and volume, thus greatly increasing the transportation cost; And the rate of decay and loss during transportation is quite amazing. According to the data of the Ministry of Commerce, 20% of China's total annual output of fruits and vegetables is lost during transportation and storage, with a loss rate of 70billion US dollars. Mr. Wang calculated an account: if 70billion US dollars were used to improve packaging, not only would the consumption rate of exported fruits and vegetables be minimized, but also the quality of properly packaged food and agricultural products would be higher, their freshness, hygiene, transportation and storage life, shelf life would be improved, their added value of goods would be greatly improved, their market competitiveness would be greatly improved, and their profits would be more considerable

there is a gap between export packaging and the requirements of importing countries

Mr. Wang Yuande said that the packaging of food and agricultural products in China is simple, resulting in low product prices. Some countries need to repack their food and agricultural products after importing them into their own markets, and their market prices are much higher than those at the time of import. In particular, there is a big gap between the transportation and packaging of fruits, vegetables, tea and other agricultural products and foreign countries. In selling tea packaging, we should learn from international brands such as Nestle

it is worth noting that the threshold of food and agricultural products approved to enter the market of the country through the certification of various countries is getting higher and higher. The reason is that there are permanent research and inspection institutions in Europe, America, Japan and other countries, which attach great importance to the hygiene of food and agricultural products, and constantly study and screen the carcinogens they identified in food and agricultural products. At present, many people in China think that foreign countries' technical restrictions on the import of Chinese food and agricultural products is a kind of trade discrimination, which is not the case. They also have the same technical requirements for their own products, as well as for other importing countries, not just China

future direction of packaging of exported food and agricultural products

Mr. Wang Yuande believes that Chinese food enterprises should produce food and agricultural products that can be eaten directly after intensive processing or primary processing, so as to minimize the packaging that brings urban garbage and reduce transportation consumption. Foreign countries have strict restrictions on the import of goods that produce more garbage from packaging and products themselves, because China has not paid due attention to this aspect in order to reduce the cost of urban garbage treatment

agricultural products should further study the proposal on formulating the 102nd five-year plan for national economic and social development. Commercial operation must have the characteristics of commodities, grade, brand and packaging. At present, Chinese farmers lack the awareness of industrialized operation of agricultural products, and the consumption of products in the process of transportation and storage is huge, resulting in a waste of social resources. If breathable high-density polyethylene food and agricultural products transportation boxes and turnover boxes can be widely used in the transportation and storage process, and breathable, moisturizing and environment-friendly degradable plastic films can be widely used as sales packaging materials, the consumption will be greatly reduced and the quality of food and agricultural products will be improved

the packaging of exported food and agricultural products should meet the needs of international transportation, and its size should be standardized, and hydrogen gasification is required

in addition to meeting the basic requirements of non-toxic and harmless, packaging materials should also meet the special requirements of different importing countries

several things that the domestic packaging industry needs to do to achieve export

director Li Jianhua believes that if the domestic packaging industry wants to make a good "wedding dress" for export goods, it must do the following things:

first, the domestic packaging industry should strengthen management; Second, accelerate the process of packaging standardization, including the standardization of packaging materials, packaging technical requirements, packaging labels, packaging manufacturing, etc., especially the relevant food packaging standards should be mandatory. At present, some packaging technical standards are still blank, some are outdated, some need to be revised, in addition, the implementation of the standards is not strict enough

third, on the basis of improving technical standards, it is more necessary to establish and improve food and agricultural products packaging regulations. China has not yet had a "packaging law", so the government should pay attention to it and strive to issue a "packaging law" as soon as possible

fourth, packaging design, production and application are divorced. Those engaged in packaging do not understand the foreign situation, those engaged in design and production do not understand the application of packaging, and there is a lack of effective communication and association between the packaging industry and downstream industries such as food and agricultural products

fifth, there is a big gap between China's food and agricultural products packaging technology and equipment and transportation packaging compared with foreign countries. We should vigorously research and develop advanced packaging technology and equipment, which is the technical guarantee for packaging to finally realize its effective functions. Only the advanced packaging technology and equipment can truly make the exported food and agricultural products meet the requirements of importing countries and realize the substantial growth of exported products

Mr. Wang Yuande believes that the government and enterprises should strengthen guidance, management and capital investment in the packaging of agricultural products, and constantly strengthen the cultivation of farmers' packaging awareness, so that agricultural products can better go to the domestic and even broad international market, truly realize their added value of goods, so that farmers are no longer trapped in the low price of primary agricultural products, but really increase income from high value-added agricultural products and get tangible benefits. While strengthening the packaging of food and agricultural products, we should also improve the quality of the contents of food and agricultural products and curb the degradation of good varieties

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